Frequently Asked Questions
- The Committee for an Integrated Examination
- The New Integrated National Board Dental Examination (INBDE)
The Committee for an Integrated Examination
What is the Committee for an Integrated Examination (CIE)?
The Committee for an Integrated Examination (CIE) is a special subcommittee of the Joint Commission on National Dental Examinations (JCNDE).
What is the charge of the CIE?
The charge of the CIE is to develop and validate a new examination instrument for dentistry that integrates basic, behavioral, and clinical sciences to assess entry level competency in dental practice to assist state boards of dentistry in evaluating candidates for dental licensure. It is expected to be a long term project with implementation no sooner than 2017.
Who is on the CIE?
The committee is chaired by Dr. Mark Christensen. Other members of the committee are: Dr. B. Ellen Byrne, Dr. Bruce D. Horn, Dr. Ron J. Seeley, Dr. Stephen T. Radack III and Dr. Andrew Spielman. Consistency and continuity are important in any long term project both internally to ensure the work moves forward and externally to facilitate communication between the CIE and stakeholder groups; therefore committee members, who are current or former members of the JCNDE, will serve for the duration of the project. However, to ensure the JCDNE is always up to date on project activities, the current JCNDE chair will always be a committee member. This year Dr. Peter Trager, current JCNDE chair, joins the committee.
In addition, three consultants are assisting the CIE to ensure the psychometric soundness of the new examination. These consultants are: Dr. Gregory J. Cizek, Professor of Educational Measurement and Evaluation at the School of Education at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Dr. Michael T. Kane, Holder of Messick Chair in Validity at the Educational Testing Service in Princeton, New Jersey and Dr. Steven M. Downing Associate Professor of Medical Education, Emeritus at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
Who appointed the CIE committee members?
The members of the CIE were appointed by the JCNDE. Two CIE members were American Dental Association (ADA) appointees to the JCNDE, two were American Dental Education Association (ADEA) appointees and two were American Association of Dental Boards (AABD) appointees.
I would like to be a member of the CIE, can I be appointed?
In order to assure consistency and continuity of the project, the membership will remain the same during the life of the committee. However, the CIE anticipated opportunities for additional individuals to participate on ad hoc committees, expert review panels and other activities.
The CIE welcomes comment and feedback from all stakeholder groups. Information can be sent to the committee by email using the following address firstname.lastname@example.org. While individual responses are not possible, the committee reviews all comments, feedback and questions.
How long has the CIE been working on an integrated examination?
The work of the CIE began in January 2010. The accomplishments of the committee can be found in the Timeline.
How often is the CIE going to meet?
The frequency of meetings will vary depending on the completion of interim tasks. Currently the CIE is meeting about twice a year. In addition, sub committees and ad hoc committees are meeting as needed between meetings of the entire committee. Check the Timeline for more information about future meetings.
Why did the JCNDE decide to create the INBDE?
At its April 8, 2009 meeting, the JCNDE reviewed the report of the ad-hoc Committee on Strategic Planning. A Mission Statement and several goals were proposed by the ad hoc Committee and adopted to guide the work of the JCNDE over the next five years. The JCNDE established the CIE to carry out select pieces of the strategic plan, specifically a need to develop contemporary assessment formats and approaches to evaluate candidates for licensure. As the JCNDE has worked to implement a more clinically relevant approach to testing, many stakeholders have encouraged integration of the NBDE Part I and NBDE Part II examinations.
What is going to happen to all the science content that is currently on NBDE Part I?
The basic science foundation knowledge is very important and will continue to be tested, but the content will be integrated into a clinical context.
How will the examination change, will it just be a combination of the current NBDE Part I and NBDE Part II?
No, the INBDE will not just combine the current NBDE Part I and NBDE Part II. It is being designed as a truly integrated examination. The basic science foundation knowledge will still be tested but in a clinical context.
How many days will it take to administer the INBDE?
No final decision has been made regarding the length of the INBDE or the time required for administration. However, it is most likely the total examination time will be less than the combined total of the current NBDE Part I and NBDE Part II.
What will happen to the current NBDE Part I and NBDE Part II?
The JCNDE will continue to administer the current NBDE Part I and NBDE Part II until work on the INBDE is complete. Once the INBDE is launched, it will replace NBDE Part I and NBDE Part II. Sufficient transition time will be planned to allow students who have taken NBDE Part I time to complete NBDE Part II assuming the students stay on schedule to graduate within the normal time frame.
If a student has taken NBDE Part I but not NBDE Part II when the INBDE is implemented, will he/she have to take the INBDE?
No, a transition plan will be developed so that no students will be disadvantaged by the switch to the INBDE. Sufficient transition time will be planned to allow students who have taken NBDE Part I time to complete NBDE Part II, assuming the students stay on schedule to graduate within the normal time frame.
Will the INBDE go back to having a numeric score?
No, the INBDE will be pass/fail.
Is the INBDE going to focus on theoretical knowledge or will it have a practical “hands on” component?
The INBDE will serve the same purpose as the current NBDE Part I and NBDE Part II. There are no plans to add a practical component to the examination. The practical examination is the domain of the state boards and clinical testing agencies and it will remain their responsibility.
Where in the dental school curriculum will students take the INBDE?
The timing of the administration of the INBDE will be determined by each school just like NBDE Part I and NBDE Part II are now. Each school’s curriculum is unique and it will be up to the school to decide where in the curriculum the students will be sufficiently prepared to take the INBDE.
How will the INBDE impact the curriculum at my school?
The INBDE will emphasize critical thinking, problem solving and application of knowledge. This approach should reinforce those aspects of the curriculum. Just like the current NBDE Part I and NBDE Part II, the INBDE will be designed to measure beginning level competency to practice dentistry. Dental curricula are varied and have many learning goals, including some that may not be directly relevant to the purpose of the INBDE. Each dental school will determine the extent to which its curriculum should relate to the INBDE.
We use NBDE Part I as an internal assessment tool at my school; will there be something to replace it?
The JCNDE does not have any plans to develop an examination to take the place of NBDE Part I. With the implementation of pass/fail score reporting in 2012, numerical scores will no longer be reported for NBDE Part I or NBDE Part II. The JCNDE is mindful of dental schools need for feedback on their student’s performance and reports have been developed to meet this need.
Will the INBDE still be given at a computer center?
There are no plans to return to a print examination.
Will the INBDE have the same kind of questions it has now or will there be new item types?
The JCNDE is continually evaluating the content and item types on all National Board examinations. As advertised in Volume 3, Number 2 of the Joint Commission newsletter, new items types will begin appearing on the current National Board examinations in 2012. As the INBDE is developed, additional item types may be considered but definitive decisions have not been made at this point in time.
If there are new item types, how will students prepare?
If new item types are introduced, sample items will be available for students just as examples of the new item types being implemented in 2012 were advertised in Volume 3, Number 2 of the Joint Commission newsletter. Other methods, such as sample tests may also be available.
Will the INBDE have any implications for the state boards and state dental practice acts?
The implication for state boards will vary depending on the language in the state dental practice act. If the state dental practice act specifically refers to NBDE Part I and/or NBDE Part II, the language may need to be updated.
In addition, with the implementation of pass/fail score reporting in 2012, numerical scores will no longer be reported for NBDE Part I or NBDE Part II. Any language referencing a particular passing score will need to be adjusted.
How will the INBDE be validated?
The validation of the INBDE involves a number of steps. The first task is to define the Domain of Dentistry using a model that is described by the core components: basic science foundation knowledge and clinical competencies. The clinical competencies that underlie NBDE Part II will continue to be validated through the use of a practice analysis. A new practice analysis is planned for 2011. Information on the last practice analysis, done in 2005, can be found in the NBDE Technical Report. The basic science foundation knowledge will be validated by several groups. The first group consisting of dentists with a strong science background, met in April 2011. A second group of general dentists, in practice for five years or less, met in September 2011.
Test items will be developed by content experts and pretested to ensure their validity and reliability before use. The INBDE will be pilot tested and carefully evaluated before final implementation.
What will the INBDE cost?
Decisions on the cost of the INBDE will not be made until the JCNDE has information on the length of the examination and other factors that impact the cost of producing and administering the examination.
How is information about the INBDE communicated to stakeholders?
Updates on the INBDE can be found in each edition of the JCNDE newsletter, which is published twice a year. The newsletter is sent directly to a number of groups (dental deans, associate/academic deans, advanced education program directors, state boards, clinical testing agencies, associations, etc) and any individuals who request to be on the mailing list. A link to the newsletter can also be found in the ASDA e-newsletter Word of Mouth.
Updates from the chair of the CIE are sent out periodically with more detailed information on the status of the INBDE. The INBDE page contains consolidated information and makes it easier for all stakeholders to be kept informed. As documents are developed and plans made, they will be available to all stakeholder groups for review and comment. Current documents available for review are located on the INBDE page.
As the project progresses, the need for other means of communication will be evaluated and additional communication methods will be implemented as needed, for example, presentations at national meetings.
How can I provide input to the CIE?
The CIE values input from all stakeholders and encourages individuals and groups to provide comment and feedback about the INBDE. Comment and feedback can be provided by sending an email to the CIE mailbox at email@example.com. While individual responses are not possible, the committee reviews all comments, feedback and questions.
Who can get on the mailing list for information?
The CIE encourages anyone (faculty, state board members, students, organizations, etc.) who is interested in being on the INBDE mailing list to send their contact information to the CIE mailbox at firstname.lastname@example.org. Just use “mailing list” as the subject line. Your contact information will be added to the CIE mailing list and the JCNDE mailing list. If a large group (i.e., entire faculty or all members of a state board) would like to be added to the mailing list, all email addresses can be sent in one email.
How will students get information about the INBDE?
Just like anyone else, students can request to be on the mailing list and they are encouraged to read the JCNDE newsletter. Each time a JCNDE newsletter is published, there is a link to it in the ASDA e-newsletter Word of Mouth.
As time progresses and when the students currently in dental school are likely to be impacted by the switch to an integrated examination, information will be posted on the INBDE home page.