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Continuing Education Program — January 2012

Article 1: Assessing the association between receipt of dental care, diabetes control measures and health care utilization

1. What was the total amount of direct medical expenditures attributed to diabetes in the United States during 2007?

2. What is the threshold value below which hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels should be maintained by most patients with diabetes?

3. What is the threshold value below which low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels should be maintained by most patients with diabetes?

4. On the basis of the bivariate analysis only, each of the following was significantly associated with being in the study’s regular dental care group except which one?

Article 2: Antibiotic use for treating dental infections in children: a survey of dentists’ prescribing practices

1. What percentage of antibiotic prescriptions written in the United States is estimated to be dentally related?

2. For which of this study’s clinical cases did the largest percentage of general dentists adhere to professional guidelines?

3. For which of this study’s clinical cases did the smallest percentage of pediatric dentists adhere to professional guidelines?

4. Which one of the following was significantly associated with being more likely to have a response to clinical case 3 that was consistent with professional guidelines?

Article 3: Evaluation of the short-term effectiveness of education versus an occlusal splint for the treatment of myofascial pain of the jaw muscles

1. Which one of the following statements correctly summarizes the study’s findings with regard to pain-free maximal mouth opening?

2. Which one of the following statements correctly summarizes the study’s findings with regard to spontaneous muscle pain?

3. Which one of the following statements correctly summarizes the study’s findings with regard to pain during chewing?

4. Which one of the following statements correctly summarizes the study’s findings with regard to headache scores?

Article 4: Early childhood caries–related visits to emergency departments and ambulatory surgery facilities and associated charges in New York state

1. What percentage of the visits during the study period to emergency departments (EDs) and ambulatory surgery facilities (ASFs) were related to early childhood caries (ECC)?

2. The overall rate of ECC-related visits to EDs and ASFs per 100,000 children increased by what percentage during the study period?

3. What was the average charge for an ECC-related visit to an ED or ASF during 2008?

4. Which one of the following primary payer categories had the greatest total charges for treatment of ECC in each of the years studied?

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