Article 1: Associations between smoking and tooth loss according to the reason for tooth loss: The BUFFALO OsteoPerio Study
1. What percentage of study participants retained 28 teeth?
A. 56.3 percent
B. 39.1 percent
C. 27.4 percent
D. 18.6 percent
2. When women who were heavy pack-year smokers (≥ 26) were compared with those who never smoked, what was the odds ratio for tooth loss after controlling for age?
3. Each of the following characteristics was significantly associated with tooth loss except which one?
A. annual family income less than $35,000
B. history of diabetes diagnosis
C. not currently using hormone therapy
D. not using a calcium supplement
4. When women who had smoked two or more packs of cigarettes per day were compared with those who never smoked, what was the observed elevation in odds of experiencing tooth loss due to periodontal disease?
A. about 10-fold
B. about eightfold
C. about sixfold
D. about fourfold
Article 2: Craniofacial morphological characteristics in children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis
1. What is the reported prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSAS) in children?
A. 6.1 to 7.3 percent
B. 4.4 to 5.0 percent
C. 1.0 to 2.2 percent
D. 0.23 to 0.97 percent
2. What do the authors report to be the most common cause of pediatric OSAS?
A. mandibular or midface hypoplasia
D. adenotonsillar hypertrophy
3. Which one of the following cephalometric measurements was most frequently used in the studies selected for this review?
A. angle from sella to nasion to the A point (SNA)
B. angle from sella to nasion to B point (SNB)
C. angle from A point to nasion to B point (ANB)
D. angle between the mandibular plane and sella nasion lines (MP-SN)
4. Which one of the following cephalometric measurements was not significantly different for children with and without OSAS?
Article 3: The prevalence of dentin hypersensitivity in general dental practices in the northwest United States
1. What percentage of study participants had a confirmed diagnosis of dentin hypersensitivity?
A. 17.9 percent
B. 12.3 percent
C. 8.4 percent
D. 3.2 percent
2. On average, how many hypersensitive teeth did patients with dentin hypersensitivity have?
A. 7.7 teeth
B. 5.4 teeth
C. 3.5 teeth
D. 1.2 teeth
3. Which tooth type was least commonly affected by dentin hypersensitivity?
4. Among those who had received in-office treatment for dentin hypersensitivity, what was the most common treatment?
A. dentin adhesives
C. glutaraldehyde/hydroxyethyl methacrylate
D. restorative treatments
Article 4: State Medicaid Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment guidelines: Adherence to professionally recommended best oral health practices
1. According to the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Study, what percentage of 2- to 5-year-old children living in poverty had visible tooth decay?
A. 40 percent
B. 30 percent
C. 20 percent
D. 10 percent
2. Each of the following states was found to have a separate Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment (EPSDT) dental periodicity schedule that adhered to the timing and content criteria of all seven oral health domains except which one?
3. How many of the states with a separate EPSDT dental periodicity schedule included a recommendation for referral to a dentist by the child’s first birthday?
A. 39 states
B. 26 states
C. 17 states
D. 11 states
4. Which one of the following states was found to have an EPSDT dental periodicity schedule accessible only from the Medicaid-CHIP Dental Association in Washington?
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