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October JADA's cover story: Frequency of orofacial pain in dental patients

September 25, 2015 One in 6 patients visiting a dentist had experienced orofacial pain during the past year, and the most prevalent types of pain are dentoalveolar and musculoligamentous, according to new research published in the October issue of The Journal of the American Dental Association.
    
The research aimed to measure prevalence of pain in the orofacial regions and determine its association with demographics, treatment history and oral health conditions in dental patients visiting clinics in the Northwest Practice-based Research Collaborative in Evidence-based Dentistry Research Network (PRECEDENT.)
    
"This study suggests the important role of dentists in the diagnosis and management of pain," said lead author Dr. Orapin Horst. "Pain in the orofacial tissues was frequently found in the dental patients, for which pain from teeth and surrounding tissues was reported as frequently as pain from muscles and temporomandibular joints. Ability to differentiate the odontogenic pain from the non-odontogenic pain could be the most critical part of daily practice. Further, patient characteristics, treatment history and other findings in the oral cavity were significantly associated with the alteration of the pain prevalence and could be used to facilitate the differential diagnosis."
    
The complete study can be viewed online at jada.ada.org.
    
Other highlights of the October issue include research about whether the tensile bond strength of universal adhesive systems to lithium disilicate ceramic restorations is affected by the adhesive bonding system used; a systematic review of the efficacy of phentolamine mesylate in reducing anesthesia time in the lower lip and tongue; and a critical summary of a systematic review that evaluates whether evidence supports a specific optimum number of implants for an overdenture.
    
In addition to reading JADA online and in print, readers can access it from their phone or tablet using the JADA app, which is available for all iOS and Android devices through the App Store and Google Play.