Science in the News
Science in the News is prepared by the ADA Science Institute and addresses recent articles in the popular press on scientific developments of concern to the dental profession. These features offer timely information on scientific issues in the news, with a brief summary of the article’s principal points, and provide perspective on the reported findings. The aim of these features is to provide accurate information on current scientific issues and emerging developments, and to allow ADA members to communicate effectively with their patients.
If there are any articles in the popular press that you would like to be addressed by Science in the News, please contact the ADA Science Institute at email@example.com.
- PAROKRANK: A Study of Periodontitis and Its Relation to Coronary Artery Disease (Posted 1/28/16)
Although the recently published PAROKRANK case-control study found a 28% increased risk of first myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with periodontitis after controlling for variables such as diabetes and smoking, the observational nature of the study design cannot establish a direct cause and effect, only an association between the two conditions.
- CDC Report: Drug Overdose Fatalities Reach Record Highs in 2014 (Posted 12/21/15)
A newly published report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) describes an increase in drug overdose death rate of 137% since the year 2000, including a 200% increase in overdose deaths involving opioids (i.e., opioid pain relievers and heroin).
- Data Shows Caries Progression Prevention Can Work for Those Who Stick with It (Posted 12/15/15)
Caries, as a disease process, can and should be managed to prevent cavitated lesions that require restoration.
- Mandatory Monitoring Impact on Opioid Prescribing by Dentists (Posted 11/13/15)
Implementation of the New York state mandatory prescription drug monitoring program coincides with reduction in opioid prescribing in a Rochester dental urgent care center.
- Prognostic Molecular Biomarker Identified for Oral Cancer (Posted 11/10/15)
A negative oral cancer chemoprevention trial suggests a positive association between a molecular biomarker and oral cancer prognosis.
- Secondhand Smoke and Caries (Posted 10/23/15)
Study suggests that infants exposed to secondhand smoke are later at increased risk of caries.
- "New" Periodontal Disease and Cardiovascular Disease (Posted 10/21/15)
Data in doctoral thesis suggest a complicated relation between tooth loss and cardiovascular outcomes.
- A Mouse Model for Exploring the Connection Between Gum and Heart Disease (Posted 10/8/15)
Researchers explore atherosclerotic response in mice infected with periodontal pathogens, including P. gingivalis.
- Exploring Novel Approaches to Inhibit Bone Loss (Posted 10/2/15)
Study demonstrates DEL-1, a leukocyte integrin antagonist, inhibits inflammatory bone loss in a primate model of periodontitis.
- Global Study Highlights Dangers of Smokeless Tobacco Use (Posted 9/15/15)
Analysis of global burden of disease due to smokeless tobacco (SLT) use finds that consumption of SLT led to an estimated 62,000 deaths from cancer of the mouth, pharynx, and esophagus in 2010.
- Amount of Oral Health Care for Those with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Posted 8/19/15)
Inflammatory bowel disease may be associated with a greater need for dental care.
- Getting Patients to Floss (Posted 8/12/15)
Developing a personalized, concrete strategy about flossing habits may help patients embrace flossing as part of their daily routine.
- Chewing Sugar-Free Gum: A Self-Care Behavior That Can Contribute to Oral Health (Posted 8/11/15)
Data from a recent study suggest that two commercially available chewing gums trapped oral bacteria when chewed.
- Ebola Prevention Update: Results of an Ebola Virus Vaccine Trial Published (Posted 8/6/15)
The Lancet has published the first results from a phase 3 cluster randomized trial, conducted in Guinea, of an Ebola virus vaccine.
- Study Evaluates Use of Oral Rinse in Detection of HPV-Related Oropharyngeal Cancer Recurrence After Treatment (Posted 7/30/15)
A study in JAMA Oncology suggests that oral rinse samples may have utility as a method to monitor those treated for certain oropharyngeal carcinomas for subsequent disease progression.
- Periodontal Disease Affects Nearly Half of the U.S. Population (Posted 6/15/15)
Nearly one in every two Americans over the age of 30 has periodontitis, according to a study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
- Systematic Review Shows Cigar and Cigarette Smoking Share Similar Health Risks (Posted 5/9/15)
Even for cigar users who report no inhalation of cigar smoke, risks of death from oral, laryngeal and esophageal cancers are still significantly increased.
- Fewer Young Children Have Untreated Tooth Decay, but Persistent Oral Health Disparities Remain (Posted 3/18/15)
CDC report suggests that more young children are receiving treatment for dental disease, and up to 3 in 5 adolescents, regardless of race or ethnicity, have experienced caries in their permanent teeth.
- Salivary Mucin MUC5B May Limit S. Mutans Attachment and Biofilm Formation--Study (12/2/14)
Harvard-MIT study finds that salivary mucin MUC5B may limit S. mutans attachment and colonization on enamel surfaces by preserving the bacteria in planktonic form.
- Is Red Wine Good for Your Teeth? (Posted 6/5/14)
Red wine may help prevent caries, suggest Medical News Today, Huffington Post and other media coverage of a laboratory study published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.
- Dental Treatment before Cardiac Surgery Studied (Posted 5/28/14)
A recent study from the Mayo Clinic investigated potential risks to heart surgery that may be associated with pre-surgical extractions.
- Study Suggests Certain Antibiotics May Elevate Heart Risks in Older Adults (Posted 5/28/14)
A recent study provides information for describing the potential risks of antibiotic therapy and for selecting antibiotics for older patients, particularly those with cardiac risk factors who may require alternative antibiotics.
- The Practice of Oil Pulling (Posted 5/14/14)
Based on the lack of currently available scientific evidence to demonstrate an oral health benefit, oil pulling is not recommended as a supplementary oral hygiene practice.
- International Research Team Develops New Evidence-Based Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (Posted 2/14/14)
New diagnostic protocol includes screening instruments to help clinicians assess and identify patients with various TMD presentations.
- FDA Calls for Effectiveness and Stronger Safety Data on Antibacterial Soaps (Posted 12/18/13)
A proposed FDA rule would require manufacturers of antibacterial soaps to confirm that their products are safe to use, and more effective than regular soap and water in preventing illness.
- Poor Oral Health Associated with Oral HPV Infection (Posted 8/23/13)
Study finds that poor oral health may be an independent risk factor for oral HPV infection, regardless of smoking status or oral sex behavior.
- Study evaluates the effectiveness of HPV vaccine for the prevention of oral HPV infection with encouraging results (Posted 7/23/13)
New study reports that the vaccine developed to protect women against cervical cancer also protects against oral HPV infection.
- Study Explores Impact of Early Bisphenol A Exposure on Rat Enamel (Posted 6/27/13)
New study suggests possible mechanisms by which BPA may affect perinatal enamel formation in rats, but the findings have limited generalizability to humans.
- HPV-Associated Oropharyngeal Cancers Increasing in the U.S. (Posted 1/18/13)
Incidence rates for HPV-related cancers of the oropharynx continue to rise, particularly among white men and women, according to annual report from four health organizations.
- Study Estimates Nearly Half of American Adults Have Periodontal Disease (Posted 9/27/12)
CDC researchers find that over 47 percent of U.S. adults over age 30 have periodontitis, and almost two-thirds of those over 65 have moderate to severe periodontal disease.
- Transmission of Legionnaires’ Disease Traced to Contaminated Dental Unit Waterline (Posted 3/1/12)
Elderly woman’s death from Legionnaires’ disease reportedly associated with exposure to aerosolized water from a contaminated waterline.
- Oral Stem Cells Used to Regenerate Bone and Colonize Myocardial Tissue in Animals (Posted /6/11)
Stem cells from deciduous teeth and dental pulp of canine puppies regenerate mandibular bone defects in dogs, and another study uses human oral mucosal stem cells to colonize damaged cardiac tissue in rats.
- Study Shows Oral Health Findings Can Help Identify Unrecognized Diabetes (Posted 7/28/11)
Columbia University researchers develop a practical screening algorithm with two dental variables (missing teeth, deep periodontal pockets) that accurately identified 73% of true cases of diabetes or pre-diabetes.
- Drug Industry Plans Transition to One Concentration for Pediatric Liquid Acetaminophen Products (Posted 6/1/11)
Concentrated acetaminophen drops for infants will be discontinued starting in summer 2011 as the OTC drug industry establishes one concentration for pediatric liquid acetaminophen products (160 mg/5 mL).
- Federal Agencies Announce Scientific Assessments and an Update to the Recommended Community Water Fluoridation Level (Posted 1/31/11)
HHS proposes updating the recommended optimal fluoridation level to 0.7 ppm for community water systems, and EPA initiates review of the maximum level of fluoride allowed in drinking water.