Science in the News
Science in the News is prepared by the ADA Division of Science and addresses recent articles in the popular press on scientific developments of concern to the dental profession. These features offer timely information on scientific issues in the news, with a brief summary of the article’s principal points, and provide perspective on the reported findings. The aim of these features is to provide accurate information on current scientific issues and emerging developments, and to allow ADA members to communicate effectively with their patients.
If there are any articles in the popular press that you would like to be addressed by Science in the News, please contact the ADA Division of Science at firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Systematic Review Shows Cigar and Cigarette Smoking Share Similar Health Risks (Posted May 9, 2015)
Even for cigar users who report no inhalation of cigar smoke, risks of death from oral, laryngeal and esophageal cancers are still significantly increased.
- Fewer Young Children Have Untreated Tooth Decay, but Persistent Oral Health Disparities Remain (Posted March 18, 2015)
CDC report suggests that more young children are receiving treatment for dental disease, and up to 3 in 5 adolescents, regardless of race or ethnicity, have experienced caries in their permanent teeth.
- Salivary Mucin MUC5B May Limit S. Mutans Attachment and Biofilm Formation--Study (December 2, 2014)
Harvard-MIT study finds that salivary mucin MUC5B may limit S. mutans attachment and colonization on enamel surfaces by preserving the bacteria in planktonic form.
- Is Red Wine Good for Your Teeth? (Posted June 5, 2014)
Red wine may help prevent caries, suggest Medical News Today, Huffington Post and other media coverage of a laboratory study published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.
- Dental Treatment before Cardiac Surgery Studied (Posted May 28, 2014)
A recent study from the Mayo Clinic investigated potential risks to heart surgery that may be associated with pre-surgical extractions.
- Study Suggests Certain Antibiotics May Elevate Heart Risks in Older Adults (Posted May 28, 2014)
A recent study provides information for describing the potential risks of antibiotic therapy and for selecting antibiotics for older patients, particularly those with cardiac risk factors who may require alternative antibiotics.
- The Practice of Oil Pulling (Posted May 14, 2014)
Based on the lack of currently available scientific evidence to demonstrate an oral health benefit, oil pulling is not recommended as a supplementary oral hygiene practice.
- International Research Team Develops New Evidence-Based Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (Posted Feb. 14, 2014)
New diagnostic protocol includes screening instruments to help clinicians assess and identify patients with various TMD presentations.
- FDA Calls for Effectiveness and Stronger Safety Data on Antibacterial Soaps (Posted Dec. 18, 2013)
A proposed FDA rule would require manufacturers of antibacterial soaps to confirm that their products are safe to use, and more effective than regular soap and water in preventing illness.
- Poor Oral Health Associated with Oral HPV Infection (Posted Aug. 23, 2013)
Study finds that poor oral health may be an independent risk factor for oral HPV infection, regardless of smoking status or oral sex behavior.
- Study evaluates the effectiveness of HPV vaccine for the prevention of oral HPV infection with encouraging results (Posted July 23, 2013)
New study reports that the vaccine developed to protect women against cervical cancer also protects against oral HPV infection.
- Study Explores Impact of Early Bisphenol A Exposure on Rat Enamel (Posted June 27, 2013)
New study suggests possible mechanisms by which BPA may affect perinatal enamel formation in rats, but the findings have limited generalizability to humans.
- HPV-Associated Oropharyngeal Cancers Increasing in the U.S. (Posted Jan. 18, 2013)
Incidence rates for HPV-related cancers of the oropharynx continue to rise, particularly among white men and women, according to annual report from four health organizations.
- Study Estimates Nearly Half of American Adults Have Periodontal Disease (Posted Sep. 27, 2012)
CDC researchers find that over 47 percent of U.S. adults over age 30 have periodontitis, and almost two-thirds of those over 65 have moderate to severe periodontal disease.
- Transmission of Legionnaires’ Disease Traced to Contaminated Dental Unit Waterline (Posted March 1, 2012)
Elderly woman’s death from Legionnaires’ disease reportedly associated with exposure to aerosolized water from a contaminated waterline.
- Oral Stem Cells Used to Regenerate Bone and Colonize Myocardial Tissue in Animals (Posted Nov. 6, 2011)
Stem cells from deciduous teeth and dental pulp of canine puppies regenerate mandibular bone defects in dogs, and another study uses human oral mucosal stem cells to colonize damaged cardiac tissue in rats.
- Study Shows Oral Health Findings Can Help Identify Unrecognized Diabetes (Posted July 28, 2011)
Columbia University researchers develop a practical screening algorithm with two dental variables (missing teeth, deep periodontal pockets) that accurately identified 73% of true cases of diabetes or pre-diabetes.
- Drug Industry Plans Transition to One Concentration for Pediatric Liquid Acetaminophen Products (Posted June 1, 2011)
Concentrated acetaminophen drops for infants will be discontinued starting in summer 2011 as the OTC drug industry establishes one concentration for pediatric liquid acetaminophen products (160 mg/5 mL).
- Federal Agencies Announce Scientific Assessments and an Update to the Recommended Community Water Fluoridation Level (Posted Jan. 31, 2011)
HHS proposes updating the recommended optimal fluoridation level to 0.7 ppm for community water systems, and EPA initiates review of the maximum level of fluoride allowed in drinking water.