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Oral Health Topics

Genetics and Oral Health

Key Points

  • Many common diseases are not inherited as a single gene defect but instead result from gene-environment interactions.
  • A predictive test for dental caries or for periodontal disease does not currently exist; both of these are complex diseases with multiple genetic and environmental risk factors.
  • No gene to date has been identified that has as large an impact on periodontal disease as do environmental influences, such as smoking or diabetes.
  • While genetic testing holds potential for clinical application in the future, clinical measurements remain the best approach for assessment of caries and periodontal disease at this time.
  • Basic Genetic Principles
  • Genetic Control of Susceptibility to Dental Caries and Erosion
  • Genetic Control of Periodontal Disease
  • Genetic Testing
  • Undiagnosed Genetic Diseases
  • Using Genetic Information in Clinical Decision Making in Dentistry
  • ADA Policy on Genetic Testing
  • References
  • ADA Resources
  • Other Resources
Prepared by: Center for Scientific information, ADA Science Institute
Last Updated: June 25, 2019


Disclaimer

Content on the Oral Health Topics section of ADA.org is for informational purposes only. Content is neither intended to nor does it establish a standard of care or the official policy or position of the ADA; and is not a substitute for professional judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. ADA is not responsible for information on external websites linked to this website.