Fluorapatite-Forming Calcium Phosphate Cements

Case ID



Calcium phosphate cements (CPCs) are widely used as bone graft materials, especially in cranial and maxillofacial surgeries, since they are biocompatible and osteoconductive. Over time, the material resorbs and is replaced with bone during the remodeling process. However, in patients where bone regrowth may be slower, such as those with diabetes, smokers, the elderly and those who have undergone radiation in the head or neck, or in applications such as inner ear bone replacement, or in endodontic applications such as root end fill and perforation repair, it is desirable to have CPCs with either low or no bioresorbability in soft and hard tissues.

Intellectual Property Status

US patent issued: https://patents.google.com/patent/US8293004B2/, US 8,293,004 B2

Invention Description

This invention describes fluoride-containing CPCs, their properties and methods for making such compositions. More particularly, the invention comprises techniques to prepare F-containing CPC materials with controllable amounts of the following desirable minor components and structure: (1) F incorporated in the forms of F-substituted hydroxyapatite (F-HA) and calcium fluoride; (2) Carbonate incorporated into F-HA by replacing a phosphate ion in the structure (type-B carbonate incorporation); and (3) F-containing CPC materials having controllable apatite crystallinity effected by carbonate compounds. The techniques enable design and manufacture of F-CPC compositions having a prescribed range of in vivo resorption rates and osteoconductivity for bone repair. By tailoring the composition, the materials may also be used for dentin desensitization and tooth remineralization.


Dr. Laurence Chow; Dr. Shozo Takagi

Potential Applications

The present invention is ideally suited as a bone substitute to improve clinical outcomes for:
  • Endodontic applications such as root end fill and perforation repair.
  • Inner ear bone replacement.
  • Dental implant stabilization.
  • Patients with reduced bone regrowth rates.
  • Dentin desensitization and tooth remineralization.

Benefits and Advantages

  • Materials retain biocompatibility and osteoconductivity of traditional CPCs.
  • Precise compositional control through a self-setting reaction of fluoride-containing CPCs: allows for tailored resorbability and osteoconductivity.
  • Highest F-containing composition is non-resorbable and osteoconductive.
  • Clinically relevant setting times: sufficient to work with and place material while preventing wash-out.
  • Long shelf-life.
  • For dentin desensitization: product deposited in dentinal tubules is insoluble in the mouth.


Phil Dowd, Director of Innovation, ADA Science & Research Institute, LLC