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ADA Health Policy Institute

All Health Policy Institute Publications

This page lists all publications by the Health Policy Institute, including journal articles, research briefs, policy perspectives, infographics, and webinars, ordered chronologically as they are published.

How Many Dentists Are in Solo Practice? (October 2018) (PDF)
Infographic.

Dentist Retirement Patterns (August 2018) (PDF)
Infographic. 

Multiple Opioid Prescriptions Among Privately Insured Dental Patients in the United States (July 2018)
Journal article published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Trends in Advanced Dental Education Programs: 1975-2016 (July 2018) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Dental Care Use Among Children: 2016 (July 2018) (PDF)
Infographic.

Supply of Full-Time Equivalent Dentists in the U.S. Expected to Increase Steadily (July 2018) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Do We Need Fewer or More Dentists in the U.S. in the Coming Years? (July 2018)
Webinar.

Earnings of Employed and Self-Employed U.S. Health Care Professionals, 2001 to 2015 (June 2018)
Journal article published in The Journal of the American Medical Association

Oral Health and Well-Being Among Medicaid Adults by Type of Medicaid Dental Benefit (May 2018) (PDF)
Infographic.

Taking the Pulse of the Dental Care Market (May 2018)
Webinar.

Opioid Prescribing Practices from 2010 through 2015 Among Dentists in the United States (April 2018)
Journal article published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Dentists' Practice Ownership is Declining (April 2018) (PDF)
Infographic.

Methods Used by Dental Schools to Assess Competencies for CODA Standards (April 2018) (PDF)
Infographic.

Dentist Participation in Medicaid or CHIP (March 2018) (PDF)
Infographic.

Disparities in Untreated Caries Among Children and Adults in the U.S., 2011-2014 (March 2018)
Journal article published in BMC Oral Health

Our Dental Care System is Stuck: and Here is What to Do About It (March 2018)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Emergency Department Visits for Dental Conditions – A Snapshot (February 2018) (PDF)
Infographic.

Distribution of Clock Hours of Instruction in Dental Schools by Class Year (February 2018) (PDF)
Infographic.

Opioid Prescribing by Dentists (January 2018) (PDF)
Infographic.

Why We Need More Data on the Dental Insurance Market (January 2018)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

U.S. Dental Expenditures: 2017 Update (December 2017)
Research Brief.

Predoctoral Dental Education Programs: Curriculum Format, Content and Innovations (December 2017) (PDF)
Infographic.

Dental School Grads and Advanced Program Enrollment by Gender, 2016-17 (December 2017) (PDF)
Infographic.

Dental Student Withdrawals and Not Promoted Rates, 1985 to 2015 (November 2017) (PDF)
Infographic.

State of the U.S. Dental Market - Outlook 2018 (November 2017)
Webinar.

Dentist Earnings and Busyness in the U.S. (November 2017) (PDF)
Infographic.

Dental Care Utilization in the U.S. (November 2017) (PDF)
Infographic.

Cost Barriers to Dental Care in the U.S. (November 2017) (PDF)
Infographic.

Dental Benefits Coverage in the U.S. (November 2017) (PDF)
Infographic.

Structure of Dental Practices in the U.S. (November 2017) (PDF)
Infographic.

How Big Are Dental Service Organizations? (November 2017) (PDF)
Infographic.

Racial and Ethnic Diversity among Dentists in the U.S. (November 2017) (PDF)
Infographic.

The Impact of the Affordable Care Act's Medicaid Expansion on Dental Care Use Through 2016 (November 2017)
Journal article published in The Journal of Public Health Dentistry

The Relationship Between Education Debt and Career Choices in Professional Programs (November 2017)
Journal article published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Practice Ownership is Declining (September 2017)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Practice Ownership or Employment? (July 2017)
Policy perspective published in The Pulp Exposure.

Will We See More Foreign-Trained Dentists in the United States? (July 2017)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Racial Disparities in Untreated Caries Narrowing for Children (June 2017) (PDF)
Infographic.

Untreated Caries Rates Falling Among Low-Income Children (June 2017) (PDF)
Infographic.

Income Inequality in the United States and Its Potential Effect on Oral Health (June 2017)
Journal article published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

2017 Take-Up Rate of Stand-Alone Dental Plans (May 2017) (PDF)
Infographic.

Measuring What Matters - A New Way of Measuring Geographic Access to Dental Care Services (May 2017)
Webinar.

Medicaid Participation and Reimbursement for Physicians and Dentists in Every State (May 2017)
Webinar.

Medicaid Fee-For-Service Reimbursement Rates for Child and Adult Dental Care Services for All States, 2016 (April 2017) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Medicaid Fee-for-Service (FFS) Reimbursement and Provider Participation for Dentists and Physicians in Every State (April 2017) (PDF)
Infographic.

Trends in the Earnings Gender Gap Among Dentists, Physicians, and Lawyers (April 2017)
Journal article published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

The Gender Pay Gap in Medicine, Law and Dentistry (April 2017)
Webinar.

Time to Talk About the Gender Gap in Dentist Earnings (April 2017)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Dental Plan Premiums in the Affordable Care Act Marketplaces Trended Downward from 2014 through 2016 (April 2017)
Journal article published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Dental Care Use Among Children (March 2017) (PDF)
Infographic.

How Big Are Dental Service Organizations? (March 2017)
Webinar.

Dental Assisting Education Program Characteristics (March 2017) (PDF)
Infographic.

Dental Assisting Student Characteristics by Type of Sponsoring Institution (March 2017) (PDF)
Infographic.

Do Dentist Practice Patterns Vary by Dental School of Graduation? (March 2017) (PDF)
Infographic.

What Have We Learned About Dental Coverage on HealthCare.Gov? (February 2017)
Webinar.

Trends in Fees and Reimbursement Rates for the Most Common Procedures in Endodontics, Periodontics, Prosthodontics, and Oral Surgery (February 2017) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Recent Trends in the Market for Oral Surgeons, Endodontists, Orthodontists, Periodontists, and Pediatric Dentists (February 2017) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Geographic Access to Dental Care Varies in Missouri and Wisconsin (January 2017)
Journal article published in The Journal of Public Health Dentistry.

Estimating Premium and Out-of-Pocket Outlays Under All Child Dental Coverage Options in the Federally Facilitated Marketplace (January 2017)
Journal article published in The Journal of Pediatrics.

Dental Coverage Options Through HealthCare.gov (January 2017) (PDF)
Infographic.

Does California Project the Future of Dentistry? (January 2017) (PDF)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the California Dental Association.

Obamacare, Trumpcare, And Your Mouth (January 2017)
Policy perspective published in the Health Affairs Blog.

Addressing Oral Health in Health Policy (January 2017)
Webinar.

State of the U.S. Dental Care Market - Year-End 2016 Update (December 2016)
Webinar.

Dentist Earnings Were Stable in 2015 (December 2016) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Do Dentists From Rural Areas Practice in Rural Areas? (December 2016)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

U.S. Dental Spending Up in 2015 (December 2016) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Trends in U.S. Dental Schools (November 2016) (PDF)
Infographic.

International Students in U.S. Dental Schools (November 2016) (PDF)
Infographic.

Dental Care Presents the Highest Level of Financial Barriers, Compared to Other Types of Health Care Services (December 2016) (PDF)
Journal article published in Health Affairs.

Time to Rethink Dental "Insurance" (November 2016)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Medicaid Expansion and Dental Benefits Coverage (November 2016) (PDF)
Infographic.

Where Is Dentistry Going? Advice from the Cheshire Cat (November 2016)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Early Impact of the Affordable Care Act's Medicaid Expansion on Dental Care Use (November 2016)
Journal article published in Health Services Research.

The "De-Aging" of the Dentist Workforce (October 2016) (PDF)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Dental Benefits Coverage Increased for Working-Age Adults in 2014 (October 2016) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Is Medicaid Expansion Easing Cost Barriers to Dental Care for Low-Income Adults? (October 2016) (PDF)
Infographic.

Dental Care Utilization Steady Among Working-Age Adults and Children, Up Slightly Among the Elderly (October 2016) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Unmet Dental Care Needs Falling among Low-Income Children, Rising Among Low-Income Adults and Seniors (October 2016)
Webinar.

Oral Health and Well-Being Among Seniors in the United States (September 2016) (PDF)
Infographic.

Recent Trends in the Market for Endodontics (September 2016) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Why Are Payment Rates to Dentists Declining in Most States? (September 2016)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

How Will Aging and "Feminization" Affect the Future Supply of Dentists? (September 2016)
Webinar.

U.S. Dentist Workforce by Age Group (September 2016) (PDF)
Infographic.

Dentist Migration Across State Lines (August 2016) (PDF)
Infographic.

Are Millennials Interested in Receiving Dental Care in a Retail Setting? (July 2016) (PDF)
Infographic.

The Dentist Workforce - Key Facts (July 2016) (PDF)
Infographic.

Number of Practicing Dentists per Capita in the United States Will Grow Steadily (June 2016) (PDF)
Research Brief.

An Analysis of Dental Spending Among Adults with Private Dental Benefits (May 2016) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Millennials Struggle to Navigate the Dental Options on HealthCare.gov (May 2016) (PDF)
Infographic.

Trends in U.S. Dental School Finances (April 2016) (PDF)
Infographic.

Considering Large Group Practices as a Vehicle for Consolidation in Dentistry (April 2016) (PDF)
Research Brief.

2016 Take-Up Rate of Stand-Alone Dental Plans in HealthCare.gov (April 2016) (PDF)
Infographic.

Rethinking How U.S. Health Care Policy Approaches the Mouth (March 2016)
Policy perspective published in The Health Care Blog.

Physicians Dissatisfied with Current Referral Process to Dentists (March 2016) (PDF)
Research Brief.

The Per-Patient Cost of Dental Care, 2013: A Look Under the Hood (March 2016) (PDF)
Research Brief.

An Analysis of Dental Spending Among Children with Private Dental Benefits (March 2016) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Taking Stock of Pediatric Dental Benefit "Mandate" Under the ACA (March 2016)
Webinar.

Estimating the Cost of Introducing a Medicaid Adult Dental Benefit in 22 States (March 2016) (PDF)
Research Brief.

How Much Would a Medicaid Adult Dental Benefit Cost? (March 2016)
Webinar.

Is the Number of Medicaid Providers Really that Important? (March 2016)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Dental Care Within Accountable Care Organizations: Challenges and Opportunities (March 2016) (PDF)
Research Brief.

How Are Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) Approaching Dental Care Services? (March 2016)
Webinar.

Emergency Department Visits for Dental Conditions Fell in 2013 (February 2016) (PDF)
Research Brief.

State of the Dental Market - Outlook 2016 (January 2016)
Webinar.

The Relationship Between Periodontal Interventions and Health Care Costs and Utilization. Evidence from an Integrated Dental, Medical, and Pharmacy Commercial Claims Database (January 2016)
Journal article published in Health Economics.

Dental Hygiene Student Characteristics by Type of Sponsoring Institution (December 2015) (PDF)
Infographic.

Dental Hygiene Program Characteristics (December 2015) (PDF)
Infographic.

Student Debt and Career Choices (December 2015) (PDF)
Infographic.

Simple Indicators for Projecting Short-term Dental Market Fluctuations (December 2015)
Journal article published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

General Practitioner Dentist Earnings Down Slightly in 2014 (December 2015) (PDF)
Research Brief.

U.S. Dental Spending Continues to be Flat (December 2015) (PDF)
Research Brief.

The Effect of Education Debt on Dentists' Career Decisions (November 2015)
Journal article published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Where Do Dental School Graduates End Up Locating? (October 2015)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Dental Care Utilization, Dental Benefits Coverage, and Cost Barriers: Update 2015 (October 2015)
Webinar.

Dentistry: A Profession in Transition (October 2015) (PDF)
Infographic.

Dental Care Utilization Rate Continues to Increase among Children, Holds Steady among Working-Age Adults and the Elderly (October 2015) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Dental Benefits Coverage Rates Increased for Children and Young Adults in 2013 (October 2015) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Cost Barriers to Dental Care Continue to Decline, Particularly Among Young Adults and the Poor (October 2015) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Mind the Gap - An Analysis of Dental Care Utilization in All States (September 2015)
Webinar.

Gap in Dental Care Utilization Between Medicaid and Privately Insured Children Narrows, Remains Large for Adults (September 2015) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Solving Dentistry's 'Busyness' Problem (August 2015)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Job Satisfaction among Dentists Varies by Type of Large Group Practice Setting (August 2015) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Very Large Dental Practices Seeing Significant Growth in Market Share (August 2015) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Dental Practice Settings and Job Satisfaction (August 2015)
Webinar.

Practice Settings and Dentists' Job Satisfaction (August 2015)
Journal article published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

What the ADA Learn from the NBA (July 2015)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Dental Care in Accountable Care Organizations: Insights from 5 Case Studies (June 2015) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Where Have All the Dental Visits Gone? (June 2015)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Including Child Dental Benefits in Medical Plans in California Had Limited Impact on Premiums (May 2015) (PDF)
Research Brief. 

Rethinking Dentist Shortages (May 2015)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Early Insights on Dental Care Services in Accountable Care Organizations (April 2015) (PDF)
Research Brief. 

Emergency Department Use for Dental Conditions Continues to Increase (April 2015) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Of Lawyers, Lattes, and Dentists (March 2015)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Interpreting HRSA’s Latest Dentist Workforce Projections (March 2015) (PDF)
Policy perspective published by the Health Policy Institute.

More Dental Benefits Options in 2015 Health Insurance Marketplaces (February 2015) (PDF)
Research Brief.

The Booming Medicaid Market (February 2015)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services’ Spending Projections for Dental Care Less Accurate Than for Other Health Care Spending Components (January 2015) (PDF)
Research Brief.

The Impact of Medicaid Reform on Children's Dental Care Utilization in Connecticut, Maryland, and Texas (December 2014)
Journal article published in Health Services Research.

No Growth in U.S. Dental Spending in 2013 (December 2014) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Dentist Earnings Not Recovering with Economic Growth (December 2014) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Medicaid Market for Dental Care Poised for Major Growth in Many States (December 2014) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Are Medicaid and Private Dental Insurance Payment Rates for Pediatric Dental Care Keeping Up with Inflation? (December 2014) (PDF)
Research Brief. 

Why Adults Forgo Dental Care: Evidence from a New National Survey (November 2014) (PDF)
Research Brief. 

The 'Invisible Hand' and the Market for Dental Care (November 2014)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Diverting Emergency Department Dental Visits Could Save Maryland's Medicaid Program $4 Million per Year (November 2014) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Supply of Dentists in the United States is Likely to Grow (October 2014) (PDF)
Research Brief. 

Most Important Barriers to Dental Care are Financial, Not Supply Related (October 2014) (PDF)
Research Brief.

A Ten-Year, State-by-State Analysis of Medicaid Fee-for-Service Reimbursement Rates for Dental Care Services (October 2014) (PDF)
Research Brief. 

Dental Care Utilization Rate Highest Ever Among Children, Continues to Decline Among Working-Age Adults (October 2014) (PDF)
Research Brief. 

Dental Benefits Expanded for Children, Young Adults in 2012 (October 2014) (PDF)
Research Brief. 

Fewer Americans Forgoing Dental Care Due to Cost (October 2014) (PDF)
Research Brief.

The Effect of the Affordable Care Act's Expanded Coverage Policy on Access to Dental Care (August 2014) (PDF)
Journal article published in Medical Care.

Key Differences in Dental Care Seeking Behavior between Medicaid and Non-Medicaid Adults and Children (August 2014) (PDF)
Research Brief. 

Young Adults Most Likely Age Group to Purchase Dental Benefits in Health Insurance Marketplaces (August 2014) (PDF)
Research Brief. 

Key Insights on Dental Insurance Decisions Following the Rollout of the Affordable Care Act (August 2014) (PDF)
Research Brief. 

Majority of Dental-Related Emergency Department Visits Lack Urgency and Can be Diverted to Dental Offices (August 2014) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Educational Debt and Intended Employment Choice among Dental School Seniors (May 2014)
Journal article published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

The Effect of Growing Income Disparities on U.S. Adults’ Dental Care Utilization (May 2014)
Journal article published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Update: Take-Up of Pediatric Dental Benefits in Health Insurance Marketplaces Still Limited (May 2014) (PDF)
Research Brief.

How Affordable is Health Care in the United States and in Other Countries? (May 2014)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Lack of True Mandate for Pediatric Dental Benefits Limits Take-Up of Coverage, Early Enrollment Data Suggest (April 2014) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Health Care Reform Brings New Opportunities (April 2014)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

Health Insurance Marketplaces Offer a Variety of Dental Benefit Options, but Information Availability is an Issue (March 2014) (PDF)
Infographic.

Health Insurance Marketplaces Offer a Variety of Dental Benefit Options, but Information Availability is an Issue (March 2014) (PDF)
Research Brief.

A Profession in Transition (February 2014)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

A Proposed Classification of Dental Group Practices (February 2014) (PDF)
Research Brief.

More Than 8 Million Adults Could Gain Dental Benefits through Medicaid Expansion (February 2014) (PDF)
Research Brief.

More Than 8 Million Adults Could Gain Dental Benefits through Medicaid Expansion (February 2014) (PDF)
Infographic.

Screening for Chronic Diseases in the Dental Office (February 2014) (PDF)
Infographic.

The Effect of Chairside Chronic Disease Screenings by Oral Health Professionals on Health Care Costs (February 2014)
Journal article published in the American Journal of Public Health

U.S. Dental Spending Remains Flat Through 2012 (January 2014) (PDF)
Research Brief.

A Tale of Two Safety Nets (January 2014)
Policy perspective published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.

A Decade in Dental Care Utilization among Adults and Children (2001-2010) (December 2013)
Journal article published in Health Services Research.

Are We in a Medical Education Bubble Market? (November 2013)
Journal article published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Dental Care Use Among Children Varies Widely Among Across States and Between Medicaid and Commercial Plans within a State (October 2013) (PDF)
Research Brief. 

Despite Economic Recovery, Dentist Earnings Remain Flat (October 2013) (PDF)
Research Brief. 

Dental Benefits Continue to Expand for Children, Remain Stable for Working-Age Adults (October 2013) (PDF)
Research Brief. 

Dental Care Utilization Continues to Decline Among Working-Age Adults, Increases Among the Elderly, Stable Among Children (October 2013) (PDF)
Research Brief. 

Financial Barriers to Dental Care Declining After a Decade of Steady Increase (October 2013) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Health Reform in Massachusetts Increased Adult Dental Care Use, Particularly Among the Poor (September 2013)
Journal article published in Health Affairs.

Reconnecting Mouth And Body: ACA Fails To Meet Dental Care Needs But States Can Pick Up Slack (August 2013)
Policy perspective published in Health Affairs.

Dental Expenditures Expected to Grow at a Much Lower Rate in the Coming Years (August 2013) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Recent Trends in Dental Emergency Department Visits in the United States – 1997/1998 to 2007/2008 (Summer 2013)
Journal article published in the Journal of Public Health Dentistry.

Dental-Related Emergency Department Visits on the Increase in the United States (May 2013) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Affordable Care Act Expands Dental Benefits for Children But Does Not Address Critical Access to Dental Care Issues (April 2013) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Accountable Care Organizations Present Key Opportunities for the Dental Profession (April 2013) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Dental Benefits to Expand for Children, Likely Decrease for Adults in Coming Years (April 2013) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Dental Practice Expenses Much Higher When Owner Salaries Accounted For (March 2013) (PDF)
Research Brief. 

Per-Patient Dental Expenditure Rising, Driven by Baby Boomers (March 2013) (PDF)
Research Brief. 

National Dental Expenditure Flat Since 2008, Began to Slow in 2002 (March 2013) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Dental Care Utilization Declined among Low-income Adults, Increased among Low-income Children in Most States from 2000 to 2010 (February 2013) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Dental Care Utilization Declined for Adults, Increased for Children during the Past Decade in the United States (February 2013) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Dentist Income Levels Slow to Recover (February 2013) (PDF)
Research Brief.

Recent Trends in the Utilization of Dental Care in the United States (August 2012)
Journal article published in the Journal of Dental Education.

Evolving Trends in Size and Structure of Group Dental Practices in the United States (August 2012)
Journal article published in the Journal of Dental Education.

Economic Impact of Dental Hygienists on Solo Dental Practices (August 2012)
Journal article published in the Journal of Dental Education.

Dental Therapists in General Dental Practices: An Economic Evaluation (August 2012)
Journal article published in the Journal of Dental Education.

Expanded Function Allied Dental Personnel and Dental Practice Productivity and Efficiency (August 2012)
Journal article published in the Journal of Dental Education

Increasing Productivity in Dental Practice: The Role of Ancillary Personnel (Spring 2012) (PDF)
Journal article published in the Journal of the American College of Dentists.

An Analysis of Dentists' Incomes, 1996-2009 (May 2012)
Journal article published in The Journal of the American Dental Association

Private Sector Approaches to Workforce Enhancement (June 2010)
Journal article published in the Journal of Public Health Dentistry.