- 2020 Income, gross billings, expenses, and characteristics (XLSX)(Survey of Dental Practice report)
- General dentist income estimates from BLS (XLSX)
Dental practice research
There has been a significant decline in the number of dentists who are practice owners. See findings by age, gender and state.
More research and insights
- Pricing in commercial dental insurance and provider markets (August 2020)
- Consolidation in the dental industry: a closer look at dental payers and providers (PDF) (October 2019)
- Multiple opioid prescriptions among privately insured dental patients in the United States (July 2018)
- Earnings of employed and self-employed U.S. health care professionals, 2001 to 2015 (June 2018)
- Opioid prescribing practices from 2010 through 2015 among dentists in the United States (April 2018)
- Our dental care system is stuck: and here is what to do about it (March 2018)
- Practice ownership is declining (September 2017)
- Trends in the earnings gender gap among dentists, physicians and lawyers (April 2017)
- Time to talk about the gender gap in dentist earnings (April 2017)
- Why are payment rates to dentists declining in most states? (September 2016)
- Practice settings and dentists' job satisfaction (August 2015)
- What the ADA can learn from the NBA (July 2015)
- A profession in transition (February 2014)
- Dentists' practice ownership is declining (PDF) (January 2021)
- How many dentists are in solo practice?< (PDF) (January 2021)
- Dentist earnings and busyness in the U.S. (PDF) (December 2021)
- Do dentist practice patterns vary by dental school of graduation? (PDF) (July 2020)
- How big are dental service organizations? (PDF) (July 2020)
- Emergency department visits for dental conditions - a snapshot (PDF) (April 2020)
- How do general dentist incomes compare across states? (PDF) (May 2019)
- Opioid prescribing by dentists (PDF) (January 2018)
- How did the COVID-19 pandemic affect dentist earnings? (PDF) (September 2021)
- Dentist earnings were stable in 2015 (PDF) (December 2016)
- Considering large group practices as a vehicle for consolidation in dentistry (PDF) (April 2016)
- Physicians dissatisfied with current referral process to dentists (PDF) (March 2016)
- Dental care within accountable care organizations: challenges and opportunities (PDF) (March 2016)
- Job satisfaction among dentists varies by type of large group practice setting (PDF) (August 2015)
- Dental care in accountable care organizations: insights from 5 case studies (PDF) (June 2015)
- Diverting emergency department dental visits could save Maryland's Medicaid program $4 million per year (PDF) (November 2014)
- A proposed classification of dental group practices (PDF) (February 2014)
- How did the COVID-19 pandemic affect dentist earnings? (September 2021)
- The gender pay gap in medicine, law and dentistry (April 2017)
- How big are dental service organizations? (March 2017)
- Dental practice settings and job satisfaction (August 2015)
Dental practice FAQs
According to the Survey of Dental Practice, the average net income for dentists in private practice in 2020 was $170,160 for general dentists and $323,780 for specialists. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates the average annual income for general dentists is $180,830.
Sources: Income, Gross Billings, Expenses, and Characteristics (XLSX) (Survey of Dental Practice report) and General Dentist Income Estimates from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Related item: Dentist Earnings and Busyness in the U.S. (PDF) (HPI Infographic).
The average gross billings per dentist in private practice in 2020 was $666,060 for general practitioners and $935,760 for specialists.
Source: Income, Gross Billings, Expenses, and Characteristics (XLSX) (Survey of Dental Practice report).
No. The Survey of Dental Practice only provides information on a national level and by the nine U.S. Census regions. For state and metropolitan-level dentist income data, visit the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Source: 2021 Survey of Dental Practice. Note: Due to a low number of responses, these estimates should be used with caution.
As of 2019, over three-fourths of U.S. dentists (76.1%) are private practice owners, down from 84.7% in 2005. Practice ownership is down among various dentist age and gender groups.
Source: Dentists' Practice Ownership is Declining (PDF) (HPI Infographic).
As of 2019, about one in ten dentists (10.4%) in the U.S. are affiliated with a dental service organization, up from 7.4% in 2015.
Source: How Big Are Dental Service Organizations? (PDF) (HPI Infographic).