- 2020 Income, gross billings, expenses, and characteristics (XLSX)(Survey of Dental Practice report) (December 2021)
- General dentist income estimates from BLS (XLSX) (March 2021)
Dental practice research
There has been a significant decline in the number of dentists who are practice owners. See findings by dentists salary, age, gender and state.
More research and insights
- COVID-19 vaccine intention and hesitancy of dental hygienists in the United States Journal article (PDF) (February 2022)
- Infection prevention and control practices of dental hygienists in the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic: a longitudinal study Journal article (PDF) (February 2022)
- Employment patterns of dental hygienists in the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic: an update Journal article (PDF) (February 2022)
- Employment patterns of dental hygienists in the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic Journal article (PDF) (February 2021)
- COVID-19 prevalence and related practices among dental hygienists in the United States Journal article (PDF) (February 2021)
- The staffing shortage is limiting dentistry's recovery. What's next? (January 2021)
- Pricing in commercial dental insurance and provider markets (August 2020)
- Consolidation in the dental industry: a closer look at dental payers and providers (PDF) (October 2019)
- Multiple opioid prescriptions among privately insured dental patients in the United States (July 2018)
- Earnings of employed and self-employed U.S. health care professionals, 2001 to 2015 (June 2018)
- Opioid prescribing practices from 2010 through 2015 among dentists in the United States (April 2018)
- Our dental care system is stuck: and here is what to do about it (March 2018)
- The relationship between education debt and career choices in professional programs (November 2017)
- Practice ownership is declining (September 2017)
- Trends in the earnings gender gap among dentists, physicians and lawyers (April 2017)
- Time to talk about the gender gap in dentist earnings (April 2017)
- Do dentists from rural areas practice in rural areas? (December 2016)
- Why are payment rates to dentists declining in most states? (September 2016)
- The effect of education debt on dentists’ career decisions (November 2015)
- Practice settings and dentists' job satisfaction (August 2015)
- Practice ownership among dentists continues to decline (PDF) (March 2022)
- Solo practice continues to decrease (PDF) (March 2022)
- Dentist retirements increase (PDF) (March 2022)
- Dentist migration across state lines (PDF) (February 2021)
- Dentist earnings and busyness in the U.S. (PDF) (December 2020)
- Do dentist practice patterns vary by dental school of graduation? (PDF) (July 2020)
- How big are dental service organizations? (PDF) (July 2020)
- Emergency department visits for dental conditions - a snapshot (PDF) (April 2020)
- How competitive are dental insurance markets? (PDF) (November 2019)
- How do general dentist incomes compare across states? (PDF) (May 2019)
- Opioid prescribing by dentists (PDF) (January 2018)
- How did the COVID-19 pandemic affect dentist earnings? (PDF) (September 2021)
- Projected supply of dentists in the United States, 2020-2040 (PDF) (May 2021)
- Considering large group practices as a vehicle for consolidation in dentistry (PDF) (April 2016)
- Physicians dissatisfied with current referral process to dentists (PDF) (March 2016)
- Dental care within accountable care organizations: challenges and opportunities (PDF) (March 2016)
- Dental care in accountable care organizations: insights from 5 case studies (PDF) (June 2015)
- How did the COVID-19 pandemic affect dentist earnings? (September 2021)
- The gender pay gap in medicine, law and dentistry (April 2017)
- Webinar: How big are dental service organizations? (March 2017)
Dental practice FAQs
According to the Survey of Dental Practice, the average net income for dentists in private practice in 2020 was $170,160 for general dentists and $323,780 for specialists. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates the average annual income for general dentists is $180,830.
Sources: Income, Gross Billings, Expenses, and Characteristics (XLSX) (Survey of Dental Practice report) and General Dentist Income Estimates from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Related item: Dentist Earnings and Busyness in the U.S. (PDF) (HPI Infographic).
The average gross billings per dentist in private practice in 2020 was $666,060 for general practitioners and $935,760 for specialists.
Source: Income, Gross Billings, Expenses, and Characteristics (XLSX) (Survey of Dental Practice report).
No. The Survey of Dental Practice only provides information on a national level and by the nine U.S. Census regions. For state and metropolitan-level dentist income data, visit the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Source: 2021 Survey of Dental Practice. Note: Due to a low number of responses, these estimates should be used with caution.
As of 2021, less than three-fourths of U.S. dentists (73.0%) are private practice owners, down from 84.7% in 2005. Practice ownership is down among various dentist age and gender groups.
Source: Dentists' Practice Ownership is Declining (PDF) (HPI Infographic).
As of 2019, about one in ten dentists (10.4%) in the U.S. are affiliated with a dental service organization, up from 7.4% in 2015.
Source: How Big Are Dental Service Organizations? (PDF) (HPI Infographic).